Kuormausohjeet

Loading instructions

Arrive safely and undamaged – correct loading ensures successful transport.

Appropriate loading and compliance with loading instructions play a key role in freight traffic transports because correct loading has effects on the smoothness of traffic, improves transport safety and prevents accidents in both rail and road traffic. Furthermore, a wagon that has been loaded incorrectly cannot be used for transport, which will then have a cascade effect on other traffic.

Rail traffic loading instructions

Comply with the loading instructions and pay attention to the following in railway transport:


  • The customer is always responsible for loading. Before loading the goods into a wagon, the customer must inspect the wagon to ensure it is fit to be loaded.The customer is always responsible for loading. Before loading the goods into a wagon, the customer must inspect the wagon to ensure it is fit to be loaded.
  • Secure the load carefully. If any movement of the load could result in the goods or wagon breaking down, the loading gauge being exceeded, the unevenness of the loading exceeding the maximum allowed limits or, in the worst case, the goods falling off the wagon, the load must be placed and, if necessary, braced and secured so that it cannot move from its loading position during the transport.
  • The stress that normally occurs during railway transport, such as when the train is running, in shunting work, in inclines for train sorting, during deceleration and wagons swaying must be taken into account when bracing and securing the load.
  • Correct loading prevents accidents that incorrect loading could cause to the wagons and goods during transport.

Domestic rail transport loading instructions

As a contractual customer, you can ask your contact person for general and type-specific loading instructions.

Eastern traffic railway transport loading instructions

The appendices to the railway traffic agreement between Finland and Russia, including loading regulations, are available on Traficom’s website.

Retrieval of derailed wagons

After the wagon has derailed on a customer track or a Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency track, contact the yard control, which will initiate the necessary measures to retrieve the rolling stock back on the tracks. Under no circumstances should the wagon be lifted back onto the track by itself and without the permission of an expert familiar with the equipment in question. This applies to both domestic and Russian wagons. The structure of the Russian wagon does not allow lifting without special equipment and expertise.

Road transport loading instructions

Considerations in road transport loading


  • Load securing is mainly done by the driver. In connection with loading, the loader must strictly follow the instructions given by the driver on the positioning of the load in order to secure the load in accordance with the requirements of the regulations, as well as taking traffic safety into account.
  • Appropriate packaging of transported products. With regard to the product to be shipped, it is also necessary to take into account the proper packaging of the product before loading so that the cargo can be secured using the usual binding equipment without damage to the transported product.

Traficom has issued an order on securing loads, which is available on the Finnish Transport and Communications Agency's road traffic regulations and regulations website.